Header Ads Widget



Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning Full Course - HVAC Course (Part 44)


  In this part of Full HVAC Course, We will learn about Sound levels in HVAC..

Sound Levels in HVAC

Most homes have heating/cooling systems that use a fan to circulate air throughout the home. These fans help warm the house or cool the house depending on whether they blow hot or cold air. However, when these fans run continuously, the sound level increases significantly. This can cause an unpleasant situation since the sound level may disrupt sleep or concentration for several people living in the same room.

The first step towards reducing noise in an area where you live is identifying how loud the system is currently running at its highest setting. You can do this by placing the “Speaker” microphone near the fan and recording the volume at various points around the home. If you find that the speaker is louder than 50db, then you should call a professional to inspect the system and look into possible solutions.

For a faster solution, download the Sound Level Meter app from Apple and Android stores. Simply install the app onto the device you plan to monitor before beginning the experiment! When you are done recording, open the app again and it will show you the results and tell you what the current sound level is for each location. From there, you can begin making adjustments to your HVAC system to reduce the sound levels in different parts of your home. Also, make sure to turn off the system completely once you have reached your desired sound level.

1. Noise Reduction Coefficient (NRC)

The NRC is a standard measurement for noise reduction performance in air duct systems. The NRC is defined as the ratio of sound pressure level at the intake to the exit after passing through the system. If the NRC value is greater than 1, then the system is said to reduce noise. Air handlers are designed to have an NRC value greater than 0.95. NRC values vary depending on the size of the airflow. A larger blower will result in an increase in the NRC value. An example of this would be comparing two air handlers with similar horsepower ratings, but different blowers. The smaller fan has a higher NRC value due to its increased airflow capacity, resulting in lower operating sound pressure levels.

2. Sound Transmission Class (STC)

The STC rating is a numeric scale ranging from zero to 50, based upon how well the materials attenuate airborne noise. Higher numbers indicate less transmission of sound.

3. Noise Level Index (NLI)

This is a number indicating the relative quietness of the fan motor compared to the general background noise from the building. The NLI is determined by measuring the decibel readings of a given volume of air over a specified time period and calculating where the reading falls on a chart representing decibels.

4. Acoustical Permeability (AP)

This property indicates the ease with which air passes through a material. Materials with high AP values have low air permeability. Most acoustic panels are rated with an AP value between 2.0 and 4.0.

The sound level of an HVAC system relates to how loud the air conditioning unit is running at any given time or over its entire lifespan. If you have an older home with an AC unit installed, it may be worth doing a quick check to ensure the unit does not exceed certain decibel levels that could cause hearing damage (like noise-induced hearing loss.) Here’s what you need to know about measuring sound levels in your HVAC units. How do I measure sound? There are two ways to measure the sound produced by your HVAC system. One way is to use a sound level meter. A Sound Level Meter works much the same way as an audio recording device for music. Simply plug the device directly into the HVAC vents and begin listening. Start counting 1 second intervals for each number between 60 and 80 dB. Once you reach 80 dB, stop counting. You should arrive at around 4 seconds per reading. If you don't feel comfortable using a sound level meter, try measuring sound levels with a sound recorder instead. A simple method involves connecting a microphone to an audio recorder, turning on the ventilation fans, and starting the timer. Again, record each number between 60 and 70 dB. Continue until you get to about 8 seconds. Once completed, take note of the total number of minutes recorded and multiply that times 100 to find out just how loud your HVAC unit is for a given amount of time. How many hours a day should my HVAC run? Most homeowners spend an average of 6.3 hours a day inside their homes according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. But if you can keep the sound levels below 55 dB, you can save money and help reduce the risk of noise-induced hearing loss. If your system exceeds this limit, then you might want to consider replacing your current system with a quieter model. How can I lower sound levels? When you're working with a contractor or heating and cooling professional, they normally recommend installing dampening materials throughout your duct system to reduce the noise generated by your HVAC. Dampeners work much the same way as earplugs — they block the airflow from escaping and create a barrier to prevent sounds from passing through. Adding dampening material may require some extra effort, but it can save you money in the long run by reducing the wear and tear on your ventilation systems. Do I need to replace my HVAC system? In most cases, it's best to opt for a quieter HVAC system than a non-quieter one. However, if your current system requires major repairs or replacements, you may decide to upgrade to something newer. Keep in mind that a quiet HVAC system won't necessarily mean less money spent on electricity bills. While you may think you'll hear less with a quieter system, it could actually cost you more to operate. What type of HVAC system should I buy? There are three main types of HVAC systems: mechanical, variable speed, and electronic. Mechanical HVAC systems rely on moving parts to push warm air through ducts. Variable speed HVAC systems feature a motor that pulls air through the system. Electronic HVAC systems use control panels and sensors to regulate the temperature inside your home. Each system has its own set of pros and cons, so make sure you shop around before making a decision. Which one should I choose? Your decision comes down to personal preference and budget. For example, if you're looking for a solution that saves you money, you may want to go with a variable speed fan. On the other hand, if you want a system that doesn't use electricity, you may want to look at a programmable thermostat.

Sound level in a room

A sound level meter is a device used for measuring decibel (dB) levels at specific points in a space or room. A decibel scale ranges between zero and 100. Zero decibels means no noise; 100 decibels means the loudest possible noise. Decibel meters measure the amount of noise, not its intensity. An increase in volume level may cause damage to hearing or even death.

Noise control

Noise control is the use of devices designed to reduce noises below certain thresholds for human comfortability. These devices consist of dampers, filters, mufflers, etc. Noise control measures can be used to eliminate the effects of low frequency noises, such as those produced by air conditioning systems.

Audible range

The audible range is the distance across which humans can hear sounds. At frequencies above 20,000 Hz (20 KHz), sound waves are transmitted almost unimpeded. At lower frequencies, however, they become attenuated or absorbed. As frequencies decrease, the wavelengths of the waves increase (i.e., the length of time for which the wave vibrates). When the wavelength becomes comparable to the size of the ear canal, the sound pressure peaks at the entrance to the ear duct and decreases rapidly as it moves toward the eardrum. In general, sound waves are only able to carry information about objects located less than 1 m away. Beyond 1 m, sound loses its directional quality and is spread out over a relatively wide area. Distances greater than 10 m are called long-range sound.

Part 21 -- Click Here!!

Part 22 -- Click Here!!

Part 23 -- Click Here!!

Part 24 -- Click Here!!

Part 25 -- Click Here!!

Part 26 -- Click Here!!

Part 27 -- Click Here!!

Part 28 -- Click Here!!

Part 29 -- Click Here!!

Part 30 -- Click Here!!

Part 31 -- Click Here!!

Part 32 -- Click Here!!

Part 33 -- Click Here!!

Part 34 -- Click Here!!

Part 35 -- Click Here!!

Part 36 -- Click Here!!

Heat Load Calculation Guide 1

Heat Load Calculation Guide 2

Part 37 -- Click Here!!

Part 38 -- Click Here!!

How to Calculate External Static Pressure (ESP) with worked Example

How to Calculate Area of Sand Trap Louver with worked Example and detailed steps

Part 39 -- Click Here!!

Part 40 -- Click Here!!

Part 41 -- Click Here!!

Part 42 -- Click Here!!

Part 43 -- Click Here!!

Post a Comment