Header Ads Widget



Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning Full Course - HVAC Course (Part 61)


   In this part of Full HVAC Course, we will learn about Objectives of HVAC Systems..

Objectives of HVAC Systems

What are the Objectives of HVAC Systems?

If we are having a cold spring day, the HVAC systems are being tuned to provide a cool, comfortable environment for the occupants of the building. All around the building, either mechanical or electric fans are being set at a low speed, pushing cool air throughout the building. In the summer, hot air rises and the condenser fan that has been left on and lowered may have to adjust to provide fresh air for the occupants. The warmer the summer, the more that a duct is needed to expel the heat from the building, and the more the central air needs to be set to push the heat out. And in the winter, heat needs to be expelled and cold has to be brought in.

Due to the ever-changing weather conditions, it is easy to become overwhelmed with the number of options and variables that are involved in planning your HVAC system and installation, and you may even question whether you really need a system at all. But do not overlook the HVAC systems themselves. Whether you have an older home or you are embarking on a new home, remember that you are responsible for keeping a portion of your home warm, and depending on the climate zone, you may even have to generate your own heat during the winter.

Benefits of HVAC Systems

Over the past fifty years, the HVAC system has come a long way in its ability to produce the desired level of comfort or to cool an indoor environment. Before the 1960s, the simplest option was to just open a window and let the warm air escape. These days, the size of the ducts and the advancements in central systems have allowed for the ability to deliver more air at the desired temperature and the same speed. Plus, you do not need to open a window to do this anymore.

At a minimum, when you have a central heating and cooling system, it will provide a warm, cool and comfortable environment to your home occupants. If your HVAC system is in a transitional area, for example, in the mid-west, it will still keep the home at a minimum temperature, but will also be able to push warm air to where your family spends their time. Whether you have a new home, a drafty old home or a new apartment, you can rely on a central HVAC system to make it comfortable and safe.

A new home: All new homes have HVAC systems. This is an important aspect of your purchase when you are building a new home, and you have several options available to you. A new home may come with a self-contained unit, a whole-house system, or a combination of the two. When the home has a self-contained system, it will include the compressor, pumps, filters, coils and condensers and then connect to an outside line that is on a dedicated circuit. The self-contained unit is the primary heating system and only needs to be opened up once or twice a year and run. Once the unit is not in use, it will remain dormant until it needs to be repaired or replaced.

After the HVAC system is installed, the ducting needs to be closed off from the rest of the house and there is a separate duct for each floor, the basement and the attic, if you want to heat your attic. If you choose a whole-house system, then the system is much more complicated. The ducts are connected into a central unit that controls the temperature throughout the house.

The central unit that the HVAC system resides in also needs to be monitored and serviced to make sure that it is working properly. And when it comes to replacing the ductwork, do not choose the simplest option, that is to just pull out the ducts and replace them with new ones. Unless you are a heating and air conditioning engineer, it is not a good idea to just pull out the old ducts and then replace them. Do not forget, that you are likely to be replacing ducts every few years, and you will need to come up with a design plan that works for your HVAC system. A duct system should be able to continue to flow heat and air throughout the entire system.

If you opt for the whole-house HVAC system, then you need to select which area of the house you want to be heated or cooled. You can have one unit that heats, one that cools, and then you can decide where in the house you want the heat or cool air to come from. You can have a heating system in one section of the house and a cooling system in another section.

If you are in an apartment building, then the HVAC system can be tricky to figure out. The apartments are usually located on floors, but the heating and cooling are located in individual apartments. The apartments are placed in different places, so if the HVAC system is located in an upper unit, it can become difficult to determine the best temperature. HVAC systems have also become more complicated over time. Even in apartments, there are often multiple heating and cooling systems, so you will need to have a central HVAC system with separate heating and cooling units in each apartment.

The objective of HVAC systems is to maintain the environmental conditions to a minimum. It is very important to ensure the indoor temperature is not more than a set value. When the indoor temperature is greater than the set limit, the benefits of ACs come into play. If there is an upper limit set, then the benefits of central air conditioning are not helpful.

A central air conditioner has a cooling unit. This unit has multiple fans or motor units that are attached to the main unit. The fans circulate air in the entire room and make sure that the temperature is kept at the set value. The unit is controlled by a thermostat. This thermostat measures the temperature in the room, and then adjusts the fans to keep the temperature in the desired range.

There are many kinds of central air conditioning systems available in the market. One of the most popular type is the "split air conditioner". This type is used in common areas and bathrooms where there are fewer units. The radiator, which runs throughout the room, is replaced by a separate system that uses a compressor to supply the air. There is a thermostat that is controlled by the remote control. In this type of system, two units are placed in the room. One unit is cooled and the other one is heated. The temperature is monitored by the thermostat and the fans are controlled by the remote control.

In this type of system, it is essential to install dual units in the bathroom because the temperature sensor. If the temperature is too low, the cooling unit turns on. If the temperature is too high, the heating unit turns on. Therefore, it is essential to install two units in the bathroom. If a single unit is placed in the bathroom, the temperature will be relatively higher than the set value and this might be too much for the occupants.

There are many HVAC systems available in the market. HVAC systems work to control the temperature in the room. A particular condition or temperature range is defined as the base range. The maximum temperature is established as the upper limit of the system. The cooling system takes care of maintaining the temperature in a desired range. It is important to have a heat pump in a central air conditioning system. This type of system uses the energy of the sun to help keep the temperature in a desirable range. The heat pump has no moving parts. This makes it a reliable HVAC system that keeps the temperature of the room under control.

Some of the benefits of having HVAC systems in the home include:

Higher energy savings

Lower electricity bills

Cost-effective maintenance

Simple installation

Easier to clean and maintain

Efficient cooling and heating system

Flexibility in the use of the rooms

Low maintenance and ease of use

One common problem with HVAC systems is the continuous use of power, which means that the air conditioner can't be used for long hours and this can be problematic. This is where the inverter is useful. A inverter is a small device that is plugged into the power outlet of the unit. It generates power from the power outlet and uses it to run the HVAC system.

Various types of inverters are available in the market. One of the most popular types of inverters is the battery-operated inverter. In this type of inverter, the battery backup is connected to the inverter. The battery backup is charged by the inverter when there is no power from the power outlet. This is useful when the power is out for a long time.

Since inverters have a huge battery backup, there is no need to purchase separate electric generating sets. This system saves a lot of money and reduces the overall maintenance. It is easy to install because there are no moving parts. Therefore, there are fewer worries.


Central air conditioning is a viable method of cooling the rooms. It is possible to install a central air conditioning system without much investment. By installing a HVAC system, the temperature will be kept in control. However, it is always necessary to keep checking the temperature in the rooms and do the necessary maintenance. There are some potential disadvantages of having a HVAC system. However, these are not major reasons for people to consider such a system.

The main reason for people to consider central air conditioning systems is the quality and low-cost maintenance that they offer. If the central air conditioning system has multiple zones, it is possible to have the rooms in different temperatures. This makes it easy to maintain. There are different HVAC systems available in the market. Each HVAC system has a set of advantages and disadvantages.

While the question still remains unanswered, the main objective of an HVAC system is to cool the building and keep the people at home comfortable, safe and healthy. Having an HVAC system is no big deal if the building is well-ventilated and the indoor temperature is at the acceptable level. A well-equipped HVAC system can cool an office, a shopping mall, a home, a park, a museum or a sports arena and can also regulate the temperature in a school, and so on.

What Kind of HVAC Systems Are Available Today?

Before we discuss the kind of HVAC systems that are available today, it is very important to note that there is no such a thing as a 'one-size-fits-all' HVAC system for all buildings. Each building has different heat load and would require its own type of HVAC equipment.

Depending on the building's layout and the environment where the building is located, the heat load of an area is a lot more than the same area when it is not in use. This heat load would result in the need for a different kind of HVAC system in order to efficiently and effectively cool down the building in question.

The quantity of air needed to be cooled or heated will also vary based on the type of building. A typical home will require a smaller quantity of air to be cooled than that which will be required to be warmed. In commercial buildings, the quantity of air that needs to be heated is usually much higher than that of air that needs to be cooled.

One of the major factors that affect the types of HVAC systems that are available are the overall cost. Considering the amount of investment that needs to be spent on the equipment and the maintenance, it is quite possible that you would choose the option that would be more economical.

Types of HVAC Systems Available

HVAC systems available today fall into three major categories. Each category has a specific function and the equipment that is used for the respective system. The type of HVAC equipment depends on the level of energy efficiency that the equipment provides and the amount of money that you will be able to spend on it.

Heat Recovery Ventilators

Heat recovery ventilators do not require air handlers or any kind of compressors. They work by extracting and releasing the heat generated by the warmer-than-normal air that has been circulated through the air conditioning system in a building. These HVAC units provide 24-hour heat recovery ventilation of up to 60% of the air that is sucked into it. They are an ideal option for buildings that have large areas of open space and therefore generate a large amount of heat.

As opposed to using conventional heaters and air conditioners that are restricted to a single room or an enclosed area, heat recovery ventilators are one of the most energy-efficient cooling systems available. They are not only cost-effective, but they are also convenient as they are attached directly to the ducts which feed a heating or air conditioning system.

Verbal Controls

Verbal controls are usually a component of visual controls. Visual controls refer to the input and output components of HVAC systems. These inputs and outputs are usually labelled with a label such as 'Pressure', 'Temperature', 'Humidity' or a similar term.

A verbal HVAC control is usually installed on the ventilation system of the building and allows people to easily monitor the performance of the system. The heat and air conditioning equipment in buildings usually have a microphone installed within it and this microphone allows the operator to monitor the heat and air conditioning through a speaker that is connected to a speaker system that is installed within the HVAC system.

Pressurized Room Air Conditioning

Unlike HVAC systems that are usually applied for residential and commercial buildings, pressurized room air conditioning systems are used in single-family homes. These systems come with a recirculating and a continuous-cycle configuration that delivers pure, filtered air to the room via an inlet/outlet system and to the room's occupants through one duct. Theoretically, the constant airflow delivered to a single room through the duct should be enough to keep a room at a comfortable temperature.

Proven systems using reversible fan coil heaters are the ones that have been implemented in the residential market. These systems operate with just a few hours of electrical energy and operate with a relatively small footprint.

Some of the benefits associated with these systems include energy efficiency, noise reduction and higher ROI.

Unidirectional Compressors

Unidirectional compressor systems that are similar to the horizontal or vertical compressors used in the residential market, however, are much more efficient when compared to the horizontal or vertical compressors. The unidirectional compressors convert the incoming air into the proper amount of air, which is compressed and then forced into a secondary coil.

The secondary coil then blows the compressed air down the plumbing. This system is very efficient in terms of energy consumption and has a lot of space for flexibility.

If your commercial HVAC system is running the air conditioning in a building, then it would need to be replaced as well. The amount of energy used by the building's HVAC system is part of the building's heating and air conditioning system, which uses natural gas, oil, and propane as its energy source. Since natural gas and oil are fossil fuels, these are more environmentally friendly than fossil fuels when used in places where energy conservation is a concern.

In addition to the HVAC system, commercial HVAC systems also include an air handler and electrical panel, and the building must have a dedicated office space that is climate-controlled. The use of an HVAC system for heating and cooling a building can help keep the environment in a much more secure state.

Lighting and Security Systems

Lighting in commercial buildings can help create a positive environment and set the right mood for the occupants. An HVAC system for the lighting of a commercial building must have its own air compressor to power the lamps, shades, and other lighting equipment.

Security systems are another integral part of the commercial HVAC system. The lighting of a commercial building and the security systems of the building must be interconnected so that all the equipment is working together to complete the lighting of the building. All the lighting circuits should be able to feed to the security system as well, so that the system can act as an additional level of security.

Heat and Air Quality Control

Heat can be generated through the use of boilers, natural gas and oil heaters, and furnaces in a commercial building. HVAC systems are used to distribute the heat to the occupants of the building. Commercial HVAC systems have either high-efficiency, or hybrid electric, inlet and outlet systems, so that the temperature of the air entering the system is at a constant level.

Air quality in a commercial building must be regulated. Air quality controls are needed.

All these systems are used to create an environment that makes commercial buildings more desirable.

Maintenance of Commercial HVAC Systems

The maintenance of the systems is divided into two parts, one for a single room and one for the whole building. Some systems require a little more maintenance, while others do not require any maintenance. It depends on the system's type.

The maintenance of HVAC systems can be divided into two parts: repair and maintenance. Repair works on a problem that has already been identified.

Maintenance of the systems usually includes routine checkups and repairs of the HVAC system components. It is essential that the filters be changed. This means replacing all or most of the filters when they are clogged.

Air filters are recommended to be replaced at least once a year.

The refrigeration units and chillers should be oiled or cleaned once every two years.

Check for leaks or bad connections or old refrigerants. Check for proper operation and proper working of the refrigeration units and chillers.

Open up all the units, if necessary.

Sometimes, it may not be advisable to clean the system, but it is still important to ensure that the system is operating at the best possible level. For maintenance, it is important that the system is turned off while the cleaning is taking place.

These systems are major assets for commercial buildings, and it is very important to maintain them properly so that they are working to perfection. It is also necessary to change old or worn parts of the system.

Part 21 -- Click Here!!

Part 22 -- Click Here!!

Part 23 -- Click Here!!

Part 24 -- Click Here!!

Part 25 -- Click Here!!

Part 26 -- Click Here!!

Part 27 -- Click Here!!

Part 28 -- Click Here!!

Part 29 -- Click Here!!

Part 30 -- Click Here!!

Part 31 -- Click Here!!

Part 32 -- Click Here!!

Part 33 -- Click Here!!

Part 34 -- Click Here!!

Part 35 -- Click Here!!

Part 36 -- Click Here!!

Heat Load Calculation Guide 1

Heat Load Calculation Guide 2

Part 37 -- Click Here!!

Part 38 -- Click Here!!

How to Calculate External Static Pressure (ESP) with worked Example

How to Calculate Area of Sand Trap Louver with worked Example and detailed steps

Part 39 -- Click Here!!

Part 40 -- Click Here!!

Part 41 -- Click Here!!

Part 42 -- Click Here!!

Part 43 -- Click Here!!

Part 44 -- Click Here!!

Part 45 -- Click Here!!

Part 46 -- Click Here!!

Part 47 -- Click Here!!

Part 48 -- Click Here!!

Part 49 -- Click Here!!

Part 50 -- Click Here!!

Part 51 -- Click Here!!

Part 52 -- Click Here!!

Part 53 -- Click Here!!

Part 54 -- Click Here!!

Part 55 -- Click Here!!

Part 56 -- Click Here!!

Part 57 -- Click Here!!

Part 58 -- Click Here!!

Part 59 -- Click Here!!

Part 60 -- Click Here!!

Post a Comment